9 Stages Of Criminal case Procedure in India

9 Stages Of Criminal Case Procedures in  India 

1. Registration For F.I.R

First Information Report (FIR) is a written document prepared by the police when they receive information about the commission of a cognizable offence. It is a report of information that reaches the police first in point of time and that is why it is called the First Information Report.
When information about the commission of a cognizable offence is given orally, the police must write it down. It is your right as a person giving information or making a complaint to demand that the information recorded by the police is read over to you.

2. Commencement of Investigations 

When information about the commission of a cognizable offence is given orally, the police must write it down. * It is your right as a person giving information or making a complaint to demand that the information recorded by the police is read over to you.

3. Framing of Charges 


One basic requirement of a fair trial in criminal jurisprudence is to give precise information to the accused as to the accusation against him. This is vitally important to the accused in the preparation of his defense. In all trials under the Criminal Procedure Code the accused is informed of the accusation in the beginning itself. In case of serious offences the Code requires that the accusations are to be formulated and reduced to writing with great precision & clarity. This "charge" is then to be read and explained to the accused person.

4.Conviction on Plea Of Guilty 

Plea bargaining is a pretrial negotiation between the accused and the prosecution where the accused agrees to plead guilty in exchange for certain concessions by the prosecution. It is a bargain where a defendant pleads guilty to a lesser charge and the prosecutors in return drop more serious charges. It is not available for all types of crime e.g. a person cannot claim plea bargaining after committing heinous crimes or for the crimes which are punishable with death or life imprisonment.



5. Recording the prosecution of evidence

Examination of Prosecution witness by Police Prosecutor, Marking of Eh bits by and Cross Examination by defense counsel.


6. Statement of The Accused 


The provisions of Sections 164, 342 [Sections 313 of new Code] and 364 [Section 281 of new Code] of the Criminal Procedure Code with regard to the confessions and statements of accused persons should be carefully studied. Section 164 deals with the recording of statements and confessions at any stage before the commencement of an enquiry or trial. Section 342 deals with the examination of accused persons during the course of the enquiry or trial. Section 342-A now enables the accused to appear as a defence witness during the trial and to give evidence on oath in disproof of the charges made against him or a co-accused. Section 364 prescribes the manner in which the examination of an accused person is to be recorded. 


7. Evidence of defence 

The Accused Shall Then Called Upon To Enter upon his Evidence. and if the Accused put in any written Statement. Magistrate Shall File it with Record. 


8.Final Argument on Both The Sides 

Once The Public Prosecutor and the defense counsel present their arguments, The Court Generally Reserve its Judgement.

9.Judgement 


After Final application of Judicial Mind,The Judge Delivers a final Judgement holding an accused guilty of an offence acquitting him for particular offense.Judgement is the final decision of the Court. 


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